Lesson 2: Verbs (Contd.) [Pāḷi Made Easy]

Tuesday April 18, 2023

⬇⬇ Download PDF book here: https://bit.ly/3d2qpJD

1️⃣ 7 conjugational signs in Pāḷi

2️⃣ Some roots and their present forms:

3️⃣ Vocabularies and Exercise

 

Part 1️⃣: There are 7 conjugational signs in Pāḷi:

                  1. a
                  2. ṁ-a
                  3. ya
                  4. ṇo
                  5. ṇā
                  6. o
                  7. aya, e

 

Part 2️⃣: Some roots and their present forms:

Root: kī (to purchase) => base: kiā [1]

1st

-mi
Kiāmi

-ma
Kiāma

2nd

-si
Kiāsi

-tha
Kiātha

3rd

-ti
Kiāti

-(a)nti
Kianti

 

Root: dis (to expound) => base: dese

1st

-mi
desemi

-ma
desema

2nd

-si
desesi

-tha
desetha

3rd

-ti
deseti

-(a)nti
desenti

 

Root: kar (to do, make, work) => base: karo

1st

-mi
karomi

-ma
karoma

2nd

-si
karosi

-tha
kerotha

3rd

-ti
karoti

-(a)nti
karonti

 

Part 3️⃣: Vocabularies and Exercise

(a) Find out the bases of the following verbs and conjugate them in the present tense:

verb

root

base

conjugate in the present tense

pāpuṇāti
(approaches, attains)

 

√ap

 

pāpuṇā
(pa + √ap + uṇā + ti)

pāpuṇāmi

pāpuṇāma

pāpuṇāsi

pāpuṇāṭḥā

pāpuṇāti

pāpuṇanti

 

 

jināti (conquers)

 

√ji

 

√ji + nā

 

jināmi

jināma

jināsi

jinātha

jināti

jinanti

 

 

suṇāti (hears)

 

√su

 

√su + ṇā > suṇā

suṇāmi

suṇāma

suṇāsi

suṇātha

suṇāti

suṇanti

 

 

jānāti (knows)

 

√ñā

 

√ñā + nā > jānā

jānāmi

jānāma

jānāsi

jānātha

jānāti

jānanti

 

 

cināti (collects, piles up)

 

√ci

 

√ci + nā > cinā

cināmi

cināma

cināsi

cinātha

cināti

cinanti

 

 

coreti (steals)

 

√cur

 

√cur + e > core

coremi

corema

coresi

coretha

coreti

corenti

 

 

bhāveti (develops)

 

√bhū

 

√bhū + e > bhāve
(ū > āv)

bhāvemi

bhāvema

bhāvesi

bhāvetha

bhāveti

bhāventi

 

 

chādeti (covers up)

 

√chad

 

√chad + e > chāde

chādemi

chādema

chādesi

chādetha

chādeti

chādenti

 

 

Tanoti
(spreads)

 

√tan

 

√tan + o  > tano

tanomi

tanoma

tanosi

tanotha

tanoti

tanonti

 

 

Pappoti

(approaches, attains)

 

√ap

 

pa (pref.) + √ap + ṇo > pappo

pappomi

pappoma

popposi

pappotha

pappoti

papponti

 

 

(b) Translate into English and find out the bases:

Verb

Root

Base

Meanings

jānāmi

√ñā

√ñā + nā > jānā

I know, I understand

 

jinātha

√ji

√ji + nā

you conquer, you overcome, you defeat

 

chādenti

√chad

√chad + e > chāde

they hide, they conceal, they cover

 

suṇanti

√su

√su + ṇā > suṇā

they hear, they listen

 

tanoma

√tan

√tan + o > tano

we stretch, we extend, we spread

 

bhāvemi

√bhū

√bhū + e > bhāve

I cultivate, I develop

 

chādesi

√chad

√chad + e > chāde

you conceal, you cover, you hide

 

coretha

√cur

√cur + e > core

you rob, you steal

 

 

papponti

 

√ap

 

pa (pref.) + √ap + o > pappo

 

they approach, they attain

 

cināmi

√ci

√ci + nā > cinā

I heap up, I collect, I accumulate

 

(c) Translate into Pāḷi

English

pāḷi

root + suffix (conj. sign)

I conquer

jināmi

√ji + nā

 

They are approaching

papponti

pa (pref.) + √ap + o > pappo

 

We do develop

bhāvema

√bhū + e > bhāve

 

They are stealing

corenti

√cur + e > core

 

I do cover up

chādemi

√chad + e > chāde

 

You collect

cināsi/ cinātha

√ci + nā > cinā

 

We are hearing

suṇāma

√su + ṇā > suṇā

 

They are running

dhāvāma

√dhāv + a > dhāva

 

I sit down

nisīdāmi

ni (pref.) + √sīd / √sada + a > nisīda

 

They lie down

sayanti

√sī + a > saya

(ī > ay)

 

_______________________

[1] Kī +ṇā = kiṇā (due to ṇā, ī -> i)

Những tập kinh khác:

Pāḷi Made Easy – Ebook and Introduction

Lesson 1: Verbs – Present Tense (Indicative Mood) [Pāḷi Made Easy]

Lesson 2: Verbs (Contd.) [Pāḷi Made Easy]

Lesson 3: Some Defectives (Vikala) and Anomalous Verbs (Uppatipātika) [Pāḷi Made Easy]

Lesson 4: Personal Pronouns (Their Nominatives Forms) – [Pāḷi Made Easy]

Lesson 5: Future Tense – [Pāḷi Made Easy]

Lesson 6: Imperative Mood – [Pāḷi Made Easy]

Những bộ Kinh khác :